| Share
 

Martin Chalfie

Chalfie, Martin, 1947–, American biologist, b. Chicago, Ph.D. Harvard, 1977. In 1982 Chalfie joined the faculty at Columbia, where he is now the William R. Kenan, Jr., Professor of Biological Sciences. In 2008 he shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Roger Tsien and Osamu Shimomura for their discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein (GFP). Chalfie demonstrated the value of GFP as a luminous genetic tag for various biological phenomena, enabling specific proteins to be located and tracked in living organisms. As a result of the work of the three, GFP has become one of the most important tools in contemporary bioscience.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Martin Chalfie from Infoplease:

  • 2008 Nobel Prize Winners - 2007 Nobel Prize winners.
  • Nobel Prize for Chemistry - The following table lists every winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, from 1901 through this year.
  • Top News Stories from 2008 - News stories covering international, U.S., science, financial, entertainment & sports events from 2008. Includes basic U.S., world & economic statistics and links to detailed statistical data

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Biochemistry: Biographies

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring