| Share
 

Linda B. Buck

Buck, Linda B., 1947–, American neurobiologist, b. Seattle, Wash., Ph.D. Univ. of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 1980. Buck taught at Harvard Medical School (1991–2002) before becoming a researcher (2002–) at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and an affiliate professor (2003–) at the Univ. of Seattle. She was the co-recipient, with her former postdoctoral adviser, Richard Axel, of the 2004 Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology. The two elucidated the human olfactory system and demonstrated how olfactory receptors are encoded in the nose. They discovered that a family of about 1,000 genes is responsible for how we recognize and remember some 10,000 different odors. Axel and Buck jointly discovered odorant receptors and, working in different laboratories, subsequently learned how the brain organizes signals from the receptors to perceive different smells. Their work was the first successful attempt to decipher a sensory system using molecular techniques, and it contributed to a better understanding of how the brain works.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Medicine: Biographies


Premium Partner Content
HighBeam Research
Documents Images and Maps Reference
(from Newspapers, Magazines, Journals, Newswires, Transcripts and Books)

Research our extensive archive of more than 80 million articles from 6,500 publications.

Additional search results provided by HighBeam Research, LLC. © Copyright 2005. All rights reserved.

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring