| Share
 

Anton Bruckner

Bruckner, Anton (änˈtōn brŏkˈnər) [key], 1824–96, Austrian composer. He was appointed organist at the Linz cathedral in 1856 before becoming court organist in Vienna in 1868, where he later taught at the conservatory and university. He established a reputation as a virtuoso organist on trips to France in 1869 and to England in 1871, but as a composer he gained recognition slowly. Although he was influenced by the chromatic harmony and orchestral grandeur of Wagner's music, his work is marked by contrapuntal complexity and extended melodies, in the formal tradition of Beethoven and Schubert. His outstanding works are the Masses in D Minor (1864), in E Minor (1869), and F Minor (1872); a Te Deum (1886); and nine symphonies, of which the Fourth or Romantic (1881), the Eighth, or Apocalyptic (composed 1884–87), and the Ninth (composed 1891–96) are best known. He also wrote motets, cantatas, chamber music, piano and organ pieces, and pieces for male chorus.

See studies by H. F. Redlich (1955), E. Doernberg (1960, repr. 1968), and R. Simpson (Am. ed. 1968).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Anton Bruckner from Infoplease:

  • Bruckner: meaning and definitions - Bruckner: Definition and Pronunciation
  • Émile Jaques-Dalcroze - Jaques-Dalcroze, Émile Jaques-Dalcroze, Émile , 1865–1950, Swiss educator and ...
  • Linz - Linz Linz , city (1991 pop. 203,044), capital of Upper Austria, NW Austria, a major port on the ...
  • 1999 Gramophone Awards - 1999 Gramophone Awards Opera (Record of the Year) Antonín Dvorák, Rusalka, Mackerras ...
  • Gustav Mahler - Biography of Gustav Mahler, Czech-born Austrian composer of Das Lied von der Erde

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Music: History, Composers, and Performers: Biographies


Premium Partner Content
HighBeam Research
Documents Images and Maps Reference
(from Newspapers, Magazines, Journals, Newswires, Transcripts and Books)

Research our extensive archive of more than 80 million articles from 6,500 publications.

Additional search results provided by HighBeam Research, LLC. © Copyright 2005. All rights reserved.

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring