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Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne Bouillon, vicomte de Turenne, duc de

Bouillon, Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, vicomte de Turenne, duc de (äNrēˈ də lä tōr dōvĕrˈnyə, vēkôNtˈ də türĕnˈ dük də bōyôNˈ) [key], 1555–1623, marshal of France, diplomat, and Protestant leader. He served with Henry IV against the Catholic League but fled (1603) to Geneva when he was ordered arrested for his part in a conspiracy against the king. Under Marie de' Medici he returned and entered the council of regency, from which he withdrew after a quarrel with the queen. He participated in a series of pro-Calvinist intrigues but later retired to his independent duchy, which he had acquired through marriage in 1591. He founded a library and a Protestant college at Sedan. Bouillon was the grandson of Anne de Montmorency and the father of Turenne.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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