Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber

Biber, Heinrich Ignaz Franz von (hĪnˈrĭkh ĭgˈnäts fränts fən bēˈbər) [key], 1644–1704, Austrian musician. Biber was one of the first notable Central European violinists and may have been the first to employ scordatura, an unusual tuning of the violin to obtain special effects. He composed much violin music, some of it programmatic, that requires great virtuosity, and also various dramatic works.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.