| Share

Claude Bernard

Bernard, Claude (klōd bĕrnärˈ) [key], 1813–78, French physiologist. He turned from literature to medicine, working in Paris under Magendie and teaching at the Collège de France and at the Sorbonne. One of the great scientific investigators, he is known as the founder of experimental medicine because of his work on digestive processes, especially the discovery of the glycogenic function of the liver and of the action of pancreatic juice, and on the vasomotor mechanism. He wrote An Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine (1865, tr. 1927).

See J. M. D. Olmsted and E. H. Olmsted, Claude Bernard and the Experimental Method in Medicine (1952); R. Virtanen, Claude Bernard and His Place in the History of Ideas (1960).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Claude Bernard from Infoplease:

  • Bernard: meaning and definitions - Bernard: Definition and Pronunciation
  • Arsène d' Arsonval - Arsonval, Arsène d' Arsonval, Arsène d' , 1851–1940, French physicist ...
  • Charles Édouard Brown-Séquard - Brown-Séquard, Charles Édouard Brown-Séquard, Charles Édouard , ...
  • biology - biology biology, the science that deals with living things. It is broadly divided into zoology, the ...
  • Bernard - Bernard (St.). Abbot of the monastery of Clairvaux in the twelfth century. His fame for wisdom was ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Medicine: Biographies

Premium Partner Content
HighBeam Research
Documents Images and Maps Reference
(from Newspapers, Magazines, Journals, Newswires, Transcripts and Books)

Research our extensive archive of more than 80 million articles from 6,500 publications.

Additional search results provided by HighBeam Research, LLC. © Copyright 2005. All rights reserved.

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring