| Share
 

Sir Joseph Banks

Banks, Sir Joseph, 1743–1820, British naturalist and patron of the sciences. He accompanied Capt. James Cook on his voyage around the world and made large collections of biological specimens, most of which were previously unclassified. Botany Bay was named on this voyage. In 1772, Banks went on an expedition to Iceland. From c.1762 until his death, he was the chief influence in inaugurating and directing the policies that made Kew Gardens an important botanical center for encouraging exploration and experimentation. In 1766 he was elected to the Royal Society, and he served as its president from 1778 until his death. The plant genus Banksia was named for him.

See studies by H. C. Cameron (1952, repr. 1966), A. M. Lysaght (1971), and A. Wulf (2009).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Sir Joseph Banks from Infoplease:

  • Banks: meaning and definitions - Banks: Definition and Pronunciation
  • banksia - banksia banksia [for Sir Joseph Banks], popularized name of a genus of Australian evergreen trees ...
  • Robert Brown - Brown, Robert Brown, Robert, 1773–1858, Scottish botanist and botanical explorer. In 1801 he ...
  • Botany Bay - Botany Bay Botany Bay, inlet, New South Wales, SE Australia, just S of Sydney. It was visited in ...
  • John Ledyard - Ledyard, John Ledyard, John , 1751–89, American adventurer, b. Groton, Conn. He studied at ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Botany: Biographies

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring