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William Baffin

Baffin, William, c.1584–1622, British arctic explorer. He was pilot on two expeditions (1615–16) sent out to search for the Northwest Passage under command of Robert Bylot, who was formerly with Henry Hudson. The first expedition vainly tried to find a channel in Hudson Bay N of Southampton Island. The second attempt, NW through Davis Strait, led to exploration of what was later called Baffin Bay and the northeast shore of Baffin Island. The existence of Baffin Bay was discredited until 1818 when Sir John Ross confirmed Baffin's discovery and observations. Baffin's conviction that the Northwest Passage did not exist discouraged arctic exploration for a time. His narratives were edited by Sir Clements Markham in 1881.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on William Baffin from Infoplease:

  • Baffin: meaning and definitions - Baffin: Definition and Pronunciation
  • Lancaster Sound - Lancaster Sound Lancaster Sound, arm of Baffin Bay, c.200 mi (320 km) long and 40 mi (60 km) wide, ...
  • Baffin Bay - Baffin Bay Baffin Bay, ice-clogged body of water, c.700 mi (1,130 km) long, between Greenland and ...
  • Baffin Island - Baffin Island Baffin Island, 183,810 sq mi (476,068 sq km), c.1,000 mi (1,610 km) long and from 130 ...
  • Ellesmere Island - Ellesmere Island Ellesmere Island, 82,119 sq mi (212,688 sq km), c.500 mi (800 km) long, in the ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Explorers, Travelers, and Conquerors: Biographies


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