| Share
 

Ardashir I

Ardashir I (ärdäshērˈ) [key] [another form of Artaxerxes], d. 240, king of Persia (226?–240). He overthrew the last Parthian king, Artabanus IV, entered Ctesiphon, and reunited Persia out of the confusion of Seleucid decline. He established the strong Sassanid, or Sassanian, dynasty and reconquered the old eastern territories. Ardashir established Zoroastrianism as the state religion and gave much power to the priestly caste. His move against Mesopotamia, Armenia, and Cappadocia caused the Roman emperor Alexander Severus to campaign against him. A great battle in 232 cost both armies heavy losses. It was Alexander who had to retire, and though Alexander celebrated a triumph in Rome, Ardashir took Armenia, and Persian power was firmly established. He is sometimes called Ardashir Papakan, for his father, Papak. Shapur I succeeded him.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Ardashir I from Infoplease:

  • Alexander Severus - Alexander Severus Alexander Severus (Marcus Aurelius Alexander Severus), d. 235, Roman emperor ...
  • Firuzabad - Firuzabad Firuzabad , town (1991 pop. 43,424), Fars prov., S Iran, near Shiraz. The town has a ...
  • Persia: The Sassanid Dynasty - The Sassanid Dynasty The Parthians were replaced (c.A.D. 226) by the more vigorous Sassanid ...
  • Arsaces - Arsaces Arsaces , fl. 250 B.C., founder of the Parthian dynasty of the Arsacids,. which ruled ...
  • Ahvaz - Ahvaz Ahvaz or Ahwaz, city (1991 pop. 724,653), SW Iran, on the Karun River. It is an oil center, a ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Iranian History: Biographies

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring