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Agatharchus (ăgˌəthärˈkəs) [key], fl. 5th cent. B.C., Greek painter of the Athenian school, b. Samos. He is credited by Vitruvius with important discoveries in application of shading and perspective and was the first painter of scenery for Athenian tragedies.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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