| Share

Adolf of Nassau

Adolf of Nassau (näˈsou) [key], d. 1298, duke of Luxembourg, German king (1292–98). He owed his election to the ecclesiastical electors, who, fearing the growing power and ambition of the Hapsburgs, chose him rather than Albert of Austria (later King Albert I), son of Rudolf I of Hapsburg. Seeking to strengthen his rule by establishing a territorial power of his own, Adolf seized Meissen and Thuringia. He entered into an alliance with Edward I of England against Philip IV of France in an effort to halt French encroachment of German territory; the alliance produced no results, however, and led to Adolf's deposition (1298) and the election of Albert. Soon afterward he was defeated and killed by an army commanded by Albert.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Adolf of Nassau from Infoplease:

  • Albert I, Holy Roman Emperor - Albert I Albert I, c.1250–1308, Holy Roman Emperor (1298–1308), son of Rudolf I. Albert ...
  • Holy Roman Emperors (table) - HOLY ROMAN EMPERORS (including dates of reign) Saxon dynasty Otto I, 936–73 Otto II, ...
  • Rudolf I - Rudolf I Rudolf I or Rudolf of Hapsburg, 1218–91, German king (1273–91), first king of ...
  • Nassau, former duchy, Germany - Nassau Nassau , former duchy, W central Germany, situated N and E of the Main and Rhine rivers. It ...
  • Johann Gutenberg - Gutenberg, Johann Gutenberg, Johann , c.1397–1468, German inventor and printer, long credited ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: German History: Biographies

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring