| Share

Shimonoseki, Treaty of

Shimonoseki, Treaty of, Apr. 17, 1895, ending the First Sino-Japanese War. It was negotiated and signed by Ito Hirobumi for Japan and Li Hung-chang for China. Harsh terms were imposed on a badly defeated China. The treaty provided for the end of Chinese suzerainty over Korea, giving Korea independence, and for the cession to Japan of Taiwan, the Pescadores islands, and Port Arthur and the Liaodong peninsula. Japan also imposed a large indemnity and forced China to open five new treaty ports. A week after the treaty was signed, however, Russia, France, and Germany together—in the so-called Triple Intervention—demanded that Japan renounce claims to Port Arthur and the Liaodong peninsula. Japan reluctantly agreed (Nov., 1895), but China was forced to pay an additional indemnity.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Treaty of Shimonoseki from Infoplease:

  • This Day in History: April 17 - April 17 Yesterday Tomorrow 1790 Benjamin Franklin, U.S. patriot, diplomat, and a signer of the ...
  • Shimonoseki - Shimonoseki Shimonoseki , city (1990 pop. 262,635), Yamaguchi prefecture, extreme SW Honshu, Japan. ...
  • Li Hung-chang - Li Hung-chang Li Hung-chang , 1823–1901, Chinese statesman and general. His first success was ...
  • First Sino-Japanese War - Sino-Japanese War, First Sino-Japanese War, First, 1894–95, conflict between China and Japan ...
  • Hirobumi Ito - Ito, Hirobumi Ito, Hirobumi , 1841–1909, Japanese statesman, the outstanding figure in the ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Chinese, Taiwanese, and Mongolian History

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring
Explore , Math Tutor