Sarnath (särnätˈ) [key], archaeological site, SE Uttar Pradesh, India, 4 mi (6.4 km) N of Varanasi (Benares). It is the site of the deer park ( mrigadawa ) where, according to tradition, Buddha first preached. Buddhist monuments include an inscribed pillar (3d cent. B.C.) of Emperor Asoka and a stupa (7th cent. A.D.), c.140 ft (42 m), high.
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