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Rulers of the Byzantine Empire

Rulers of the Byzantine Empire

Emperor (or Empress)Dates of Reign
Constantine I (the Great)330–37
Constantius337–61
Julian (the Apostate)361–63
Jovian363–64
Valens364–78
Theodosius I (the Great)379–95
Arcadius395–408
Theodosius II408–50
Marcian450–57
Leo I (the Great or the Thracian)457–74
Leo II474
Zeno474–75
Basiliscus475–76
Zeno (restored)476–91
Anastasius I491–518
Justin I518–27
Justinian I (the Great)527–65
Justin II565–78
Tiberius II Constantinus578–82
Maurice582–602
Phocas602–10
Heraclius610–41
Constantine III and Heracleonas641
Heracleonas641
Constans II Pogonatus641–68
Constantine IV668–85
Justinian II Rhinotmetus685–95
Leontius695–98
Tiberius III698–705
Justinian II (restored)705–11
Philippicus Bardanes711–13
Anastasius II713–15
Theodosius III716–17
Leo III (the Isaurian or the Syrian)717–41
Constantine V Copronymus741–75
Leo IV (the Khazar)775–80
Constantine VI780–97
Irene797–802
Nicephorus I802–11
Stauracius811
Michael I811–13
Leo V (the Armenian)813–20
Michael II (the Stammerer)820–29
Theophilus829–42
Michael III (the Drunkard)842–67
Basil I (the Macedonian)867–86
Leo VI (the Wise or the Philosopher)886–912
Alexander912–13
Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus913–19
Romanus I Lecapenus919–44
Constantine VII (restored)944–59
Romanus II959–63
Basil II Bulgaroktonos963
Nicephorus II Phocas963–69
John I Tzimisces969–76
Basil II (restored)976–1025
Constantine VIII1025–28
Zoë and Romanus III Argyrus1028–34
Zoë and Michael IV (the Paphlagonian)1034–41
Zoë and Michael V Calaphates1041–42
Zoë and Theodora1042
Zoë, Theodora, and Constantine IX Monomachus1042–50
Theodora and Constantine IX1050–55
Theodora1055–56
Michael VI Stratioticus1056–57
Isaac I Comnenus1057–59
Constantine X Ducas1059–67
Michael VII Ducas (Parapinaces)1067–68
Romanus IV Diogenes1068–71
Michael VII Ducas (restored)1071–78
Nicephorus III Botaniates1078–81
Alexius I Comnenus1081–1118
John II Comnenus1118–43
Manuel I Comnenus1143–80
Alexius II Comnenus1180–83
Andronicus I Comnenus1183–85
Isaac II Angelus1185–95
Alexius III Angelus1195–1203
Isaac II (restored) and Alexius IV Angelus1203–4
Alexius V Ducas1204
Theodore I Lascaris1204–22
John III Vatatzes or Ducas1222–54
Theodore II Lascaris1254–58
John IV Lascaris1258–61
Michael VIII Palaeologus1259–82
Andronicus II Palaeologus1282–1328
Andronicus III Palaeologus1328–41
John V Palaeologus1341–76
John VI Cantacuzenus (usurper)1347–55
Andronicus IV Palaeologus1376–79
John V Palaeologus (restored)1379–91
John VII Palaeologus (usurper)1390
Manuel II Palaeologus1391–1425
John VII Palaeologus (restored as coemperor)1399–1412
John VIII Palaeologus1425–48
Constantine XI Palaeologus1449–53

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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