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Phigalia

Phigalia (fĭgāˈlēə) [key], ancient city of Greece, in SW Arcadia (now Arkadhía). It gives its name to the Phigalian Marbles, a frieze c.100 ft (30 m) long and 2 ft (61 cm) high, in high relief, representing battles between the Lapithae, a legendary people from Thessaly, and the Centaurs and between the Amazons and the Greeks. The frieze, dating from c.420 B.C., was originally on the walls of a temple of Apollo at Bassae, near Phigalia. Since 1814 it has been in the British Museum. The geographer Pausanias names Ictinus as the architect of the temple.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Phigalia from Infoplease:

  • Ictinus - Ictinus Ictinus , fl. 2d half of 5th cent. B.C., one of the greatest architects of Greece. His ...
  • Phigalian Marbles - Phigalian Marbles A series of twenty-three sculptures in alto-relievo, discovered in 1812 at ...
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See more Encyclopedia articles on: Ancient History, Greece


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