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Lycaonia (lĭkˌāōˈnēə) [key], ancient country of S Asia Minor (now in Turkey), between Galatia and Cilicia on the north and south and Phrygia and Cappadocia on the west and east. Passing successively to the Persians, Syrians, and Romans, it was divided by the Romans between Galatia and Cappadocia. It was visited by Paul and Barnabas (Acts 14.6). Its chief city was Iconium.

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