| Share
 

Lombard League

Lombard League, an alliance formed in 1167 among the communes of Lombardy to resist Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I when he attempted to assert his imperial authority in Lombardy. Previously the communes had been divided, some favoring the emperor and others favoring the pope. However, after Frederick proclaimed his sovereignty in Italy at the Diet of Roncaglia (1158), twice invaded Italy (1158, 1166), and appointed German officials in all Lombard towns, even the imperial cities joined the coalition against him. The league was supported by Pope Alexander III, for whom its fortified city of Alessandria was named. In 1176 the league defeated Frederick at Legnano. After the peace of Constance (1183), which confirmed the freedom of the cities, the alliance tended to break again into rival factions. The league was revived in 1226 against Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II, who in 1237 defeated it at Cortenuova. The Lombard communes then ranged themselves on opposing sides in the quarrels between the popes and the Hohenstaufen.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Lombard League from Infoplease:

  • Legnano - Legnano Legnano , city (1991 pop. 50,018), Lombardy, NW Italy, near Milan. Manufactures of this ...
  • Alessandria - Alessandria Alessandria , city (1991 pop. 90,753), capital of Alessandria prov., in Piedmont, NW ...
  • Frederick I, Holy Roman emperor and German king: Reconciliation and Revenge - Reconciliation and Revenge In 1167 the rebellious Italian communes united against Frederick in the ...
  • Piacenza - Piacenza Piacenza , city (1991 pop. 102,268), capital of Piacenza prov., in Emilia-Romagna, on the ...
  • William II, king of Sicily - William II William II (William the Good), c.1153–1189, king of Sicily (1166–89), son ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Italian History


Premium Partner Content
HighBeam Research
Documents Images and Maps Reference
(from Newspapers, Magazines, Journals, Newswires, Transcripts and Books)

Research our extensive archive of more than 80 million articles from 6,500 publications.

Additional search results provided by HighBeam Research, LLC. © Copyright 2005. All rights reserved.

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring