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Fort Caroline

Fort Caroline, settlement near the mouth of the St. Johns River, NE Fla.; est. 1564 by French Huguenots under René de Laudonnière. A Spanish force led by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés attacked the fort in 1565, killed most of the colonists, and renamed the fort San Mateo. This was avenged by a French force led by Dominique de Gourgues, who in 1568 wiped out the garrison at San Mateo. Fort Caroline National Memorial includes a replica of the original fort (see National Parks and Monuments, table).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Fort Caroline from Infoplease:

  • Fort Caroline - Caroline, Fort: Caroline, Fort: see Fort Caroline.
  • René Goulaine de Laudonnière - Laudonnière, René Goulaine de Laudonnière, René Goulaine de , fl. ...
  • Dominique de Gourgues - Gourgues, Dominique de Gourgues, Dominique de , c.1530–1593, French soldier and adventurer. ...
  • Pedro Menéndez de Avilés - Menéndez de Avilés, Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, Pedro , 1519–74, ...
  • Jean Ribaut - Ribaut or Ribault, Jean Ribaut or Ribault, Jean , c.1520–65, French mariner and colonizer in ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. History


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