| Share
 

Cumae

Cumae (kyōˈmē) [key], ancient city of Campania, Italy, near Naples. According to Strabo, it was the earliest Greek colony in Italy or Sicily, and it seems to have been founded c.750 B.C. by Chalcis. The area has yielded earlier non-Greek archaeological finds. Cumae founded a number of colonies and grew to be a great power. It repulsed Etruscan and Umbrian attacks, but fell in the late 5th cent. B.C. to the Samnites. Cumae supported Rome in the 2d cent. B.C. and adopted Roman culture; ultimately its inhabitants became Roman citizens. As neighboring cities rose to power, Cumae declined, although it did not disappear until the 13th cent. A.D. There are extensive Greek and Roman ruins, and the cavern where the famed Cumaean Sibyl (the priestess of Apollo mentioned by Vergil) uttered her prophecies may still be seen.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Cumae from Infoplease:

  • Cumae: meaning and definitions - Cumae: Definition and Pronunciation
  • Suggestions for spelling of encyclopedia/cumae - The Infoplease spelling checker combines spelling help with our dictionary and thesaurus
  • Hiero I - Hiero I Hiero I , 5th cent. B.C., Greek Sicilian ruler, tyrant of Syracuse (478–467 B.C.). He ...
  • Averno - Averno Averno , anc. Avernus [Gr.,=without bird], small crater lake, .6 mi (.9 km) wide, Campania, ...
  • Phlegraean Fields - Phlegraean Fields Phlegraean Fields , Ital. Campi Flegrei, fertile volcanic region, Campania, S ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Ancient History, Rome

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring