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Copenhagen, battle of

Copenhagen, battle of, 1801, an important incident of the French Revolutionary Wars. In Dec., 1800, Denmark joined Russia, Sweden, and Prussia in declaring the armed neutrality of the northern powers in the French Revolutionary Wars and in announcing that they would not comply with the British rules on neutral navigation. England considered this a threat and, without declaring war, sent a fleet under admirals Sir Hyde Parker and Horatio Nelson into the Baltic. On Apr. 2, 1801, Nelson attacked the Danish fleet at the roadsteads of Copenhagen. During the battle he deliberately fixed the telescope to his blind eye, thus ignoring Parker's signal to discontinue action, and destroyed the Danish fleet after a hard battle.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on battle of Copenhagen from Infoplease:

  • Copenhagen: History - History Copenhagen was a trading and fishing center by the early 11th cent. It was fortified (1167) ...
  • French Revolutionary Wars: Second Coalition - Second Coalition Meanwhile, France again aroused the anger of the European powers by creating the ...
  • Denmark: History - History Ancient History to 1448 The Danes probably settled Jutland by c.10,000 B.C. and later (2d ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Wars and Battles

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