Carchemish (kärˈkĭmĭsh, kärkēˈmĭsh) [key], ancient city, Turkey, on the Euphrates River, at the Syrian border, c.35 mi (56 km) SE of Gaziantep. It was an important Neo-Hittite city and was prosperous in the 9th cent. B.C. before it was destroyed by the Assyrians. Even then it continued as an important trade center. There, in 605 B.C., Nebuchadnezzar defeated Necho. Among the excavated remains are sculptured Neo-Hittite reliefs with hieroglyphic Hittite inscriptions.
See British Museum, Carchemish (3 vol. in 2, 1914–52).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
More on Carchemish from Infoplease:
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Ancient History, Middle East