| Share

Aegean civilization

Aegean civilization (ējēˈən) [key], term for the Bronze Age cultures of pre-Hellenic Greece. The complexity of those early civilizations was not suspected before the excavations of archaeologists in the late 19th cent. The most remarkable of the cultures was perhaps that of Crete, which was flourishing by the beginning of the 3d millennium B.C.; this was the Minoan civilization. On the mainland of Greece excavations have uncovered the remains of Mycenaean civilization. The exploration of the ruins of Troy provided knowledge of another culture, and ruins in the Cyclades have demonstrated remarkable early development there. The exact relationships of these different centers are not yet known, and there are many subjects of conjecture, such as the role of the Achaeans and the causes of the decline of Crete before 1100 B.C.

See V. R. d'Arba Desborough, The Greek Dark Ages (1972); C. Renfrew, The Emergence of Civilisation (1972).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Aegean civilization from Infoplease:

  • Crete: Bibliography - Bibliography See R. F. Willetts, The Civilization of Ancient Crete (1978); J. W. Graham et al., The ...
  • Troas - Troas Troas or the Troad, region about ancient Troy, on the northwest coast of Asia Minor, in ...
  • Greek art - Greek art Greek art, works of art produced in the Aegean basin, a center of artistic activity from ...
  • Mílos, island, Greece - Mílos Mílos or Milo, mountainous island (1991 pop. 4,390), 58 sq mi (150 sq km), SE ...
  • baths - baths baths, in architecture. Ritual bathing is traceable to ancient Egypt, to prehistoric cities ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Ancient History, Greece

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring