| Share
 

Panchatantra

Panchatantra (pŭnˌchətŭnˈtrə) [key] [Sanskrit, = five treatises], anonymous collection of animal fables in Sanskrit literature, probably compiled before A.D. 500 (see Bidpai). The work, derived from Buddhistic sources, was intended as a manual for the instruction of sons of the royalty. The fables are in prose, with interspersions of aphoristic verse. The stories in the Panchatantra appear to have entered European literature circuitously through an Arabic version (c.A.D. 750) of the translation into Syriac of the Pahlavi (literary Persian) translation (c.A.D. 550) from the original. A variant spelling is Pancatantra.

See the translation from the Sanskrit by A. W. Ryder (1925, repr. 1956).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Panchatantra from Infoplease:

  • Bidpai - Bidpai Bidpai or Bidpay, supposed name of the author of the fables of the Panchatantra. The name ...
  • fable - fable fable, brief allegorical narrative, in verse or prose, illustrating a moral thesis or ...
  • Sanskrit literature: The Sanskrit Period - The Sanskrit Period Nearly all Sanskrit literature, except that dealing with grammar and ...
  • Encyclopedia: Asian Literature - Encyclopeadia articles concerning Asian Literature.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Asian Literature

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring