Chryseis (krĪsēˈĭs) [key], in the Iliad, a woman captured by Agamemnon. When ransom efforts failed, her father, the priest Chryses, appealed to Apollo, who promptly sent a plague to terrorize the Greek army; when Agamemnon released Chryseis, he took Briseis from Achilles and instigated the quarrel between them. In later times, her story was retold by Chaucer in Troilus and Crisyde and Shakespeare in Troilus and Cressida.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Folklore and Mythology