(2 syl.; in Jerusalem Delivered),
Archbishop of Orange. An ecclesiastical warrior, who besought Pope
Urban on his knees that he might be sent in the crusade. He took 400
armed men in his train from his own diocese.
William, youngest son of William Rufus.
He wore a casque of gold, and was the leader of a large army of
British bow-men and Irish volunteers in the crusading army.
(Tasso Jerusalem Delivered, bk. iii.)
English history teaches that William Rufus was never married.
(See Orlando Furioso.)
Belted Will. William, Lord Howard, warden
of the Western Marches. (1563-1640.)
His Bilboa blade, by Marchmen felt,
Hung in a broad and studded belt;
Hence, in rude phrase, the borderers still
Called noble Howard `Belted Will.'
Lay of the Last Minstrel, v. 16.
St. William of Aquitaine was one of the
soldiers of Charlemagne, and helped to chase the Saracens from
Languedoc. In 808 he renounced the world, and died 812. He is usually
represented as a mailed soldier.
St. William of Mallavalle or
Maleval. A French nobleman of very abandoned life; but,
being converted, he went as pilgrim to Jerusalem, and on his return
retired to the desert of Malavalle. He is depicted in a Benedictine's
habit, with armour lying beside him. (Died 1157.)
St. William of Montpelier is represented
with a lily growing from his mouth, with the words Ave
Maria in gold letters on it.
St. William of Monte Virgine is drawn
with a wolf by his side. (Died 1142.) St. William of
Norwich was the celebrated child said to have been
crucified by the Jews in 1137 He is represented as a child crowned
with thorns or crucified, or holding a hammer and nails in his hands,
or wounded in his side with a knife. (See
Polyolbion, song xxiv.)
In Percy's Reliques (bk. i. 3) there is a
tale of a lad named Hew, son of Lady Helen, of Merryland town (Milan),
who was allured by a Jew's daughter with an apple. She stuck him with
a penknife, rolled him in lead, and cast him into a well. Lady Helen
went in search of her boy, and the child's ghost cried out from the
bottom of the well -
The lead is wondrous heavy, mither,
The well is wondrous deip;
A keen penknife sticks in my heirt, mither;
A word I dounae speik.
St. William of Roeschild is represented
with a torch flaming on his grave. (Died 1203.) St. William
of York is depicted in pontificals, and bearing his
archiepiscopal cross. (Died 1154.) William II.
The body of this king was picked up by Purkess, a charcoal-burner of
Minestead, and conveyed in a cart to Winchester. The name of Purkess
is still to be seen in the same village.
A Minestead churl, whose wonted trade
Was burning charcoal in the glade,
Outstretched amid the gorse
The monarch found; and in his wain
He raised, and to St. Swithin's fane
Conveyed the bleeding corse.
William III. It was not known till the discovery of the
correspondence of Cardonnel, secretary of Marlborough, by the
Historical MS. Commission in 1869, that our Dutch king was a great
eater. Cardonnel, writing from The Hague, October, 1701, to
Under-Secretary Ellis, says- “It is a pity his majesty will not
be more temperate in his diet. Should I eat so much, and of the same
kinds, I dare say I should scare have survived it so long, and yet I
reckon myself none of the weakest constitutions.”
William of Cloudeslie (2 syl.). A noted
outlaw and famous archer of the “north countrie.”
(See Clym of the Clough.)
William of Newburgh (Gulielmus
Neubrigensis), monk of Newburgh in Yorkshire, surnamed Little, and
sometimes called Gulielmus Parvus, wrote a
history in five books, from the Conquest to 1197, edited by Thomas
Hearne, in three volumes, octavo, Oxford, 1719. The Latin is good, and
the work ranks with that of Malmesbury. William of Newburgh is the
first writer who rejects Geoffrey of Monmouth's Trojan descent of the
old Britons, which he calls a “figment made more absurd by
Geoffrey's impudent and impertinent lies.” He is, however,
quite as fabulous an historian as the “impudent”
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894