In Turkey, either a member of the college or the college itself. The Ulema consists of the imaums, muftis, and cadis (ministers of religion, doctors of law, and administrators of justice). “Ulema” is the plural of ulim, a wise man.
“The Ulema is not an ecclesiastical body, except so far as law in
Mahometan countries is based on the Koran.” —
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894