Dulcinea del Toboso. Don Quixote's lady. Sancho Panza says she
was “a stout-built sturdy wench, who could pitch the bar as well as
any young fellow in the parish.” The knight had been in love with her
when he was simply a gentleman of the name of Quixada. She was then
called Aldonza Lorenzo (daughter of Lorenzo Corchuelo and Aldonza
Nogales); but when the gentleman became a don, he changed the style of
address of the village damsel into one more befitting his new rank. (
“`Sir,' said Don Quixote, `she is not a descendant of the ancient Caii, Curtii, and Scipios of Rome; nor of the modern Colonas and Orsini, nor of the Rebillas and Villanovas of Valencia; neither is she a descendant of the Palafoxes, Newcas, Rocabertis, Corellas, Lunas, Alagones, Ureas, Fozes, and Gurreas of Aragon: neither does the Lady Dulcinea descend from the Cerdas, Manriquez, Mendozas, and Guzmans of Castile; nor from the Alencastros, Pallas, and Menezës of Portugal; but she derives her origin from a family of Toboso, near Mancha' ” (bk. ii. chap. v.).
In English the accent of Dulcinea is often on the second syllable, but in Spanish it is on the third.
Ask you for whom my tears do flow so? Why, for Dulcinea del Toboso.
Don Quixote's Love-song.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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