The celebrated Latin hymn on the Crucifixion, which forms a part of the service during Passion week, in the Roman Catholic Church. It was composed by Jacopone, a Franciscan of the thirteenth century, and has been set to music by Pergolese, also by Rossini.
In the catalogue of the Library of Burgundy, No. 13,993, is the following:
“Item fol. 77. Benedictus Papa XII. composuit hane orationem: `Stabat Mater dolorosa iuxta crucem,' etc., concessitque cuilibet confesso poenitenti dicenti eam pro qualibet vice 30 dies indulgentium.” (Sixteenth century.)
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894