An epic in Latin hexameters by Lucan. The battle of Pharsalia
was between Pompey and Cæsar. Pompey had 45,000 legionaries, 7,000
cavalry, and a large number of auxiliaries; Cæsar had 22,000
legionaries and 1,000 cavalry. Pompey's battle-cry was “Hercules
invictus; ” that of Cæsar was “Venus victrix. ” On this
occasion Cæsar won the battle.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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