To ring a peal is to ring 5,040 changes; any number of changes less than that is technically called a touch or flourish. Bells are first raised, and then pealed. (Qy. Latin pello, to strike?)
“This society rung ... a true and complete peal of 5,040 grandsire triples in three hours and fourteen minutes.” —Inscription in Windsor Curfew Tower.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894