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Paris

or Alexander. Son of Priam, and cause of the siege of Troy. He was hospitably entertained by Menelaos, King of Sparta; and eloped with Helen, his host's wife. This brought about the siege. Post Homeric tradition says that Paris slew Achilles, and was himself slain either by Pyrrhos or Philoctetes. (Homer: Iliad.)

Paris.
Kinsman to the Prince of Verona, the unsuccessful suitor of Juliet. (Shakespeare: Romeo and Juliet. Paris. Rabelais says that Gargantua played on the Parisians who came to stare at him a practical joke, and the men said it was a sport “par ris” (to be laughed at); wherefore the city was called Par-'is. It was called before Leucotia, from the “white skin of the ladies.” (Greek, leukotes, whiteness.) ( Gargantua and Pantagruel, bk. i. 17.)

Paris,
called by the Romans “Lutetia Parisiorum” (the mud-city of the Parisii) The Parisii were the Gallic tribe which dwelt in the “Ile du Palais” when the Romans invaded Gaul. (See Isis.)

Mons. de Paris.
The public executioner of Paris. Little Paris.

The “Galleria Vittorio Emanuele” of Milan is so called on account of its brilliant shops, its numerous cafés, and its general gay appearance.

Brussels, the capital of Belgium, situate on the Senne, is also called “Little Paris.”

Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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