The Greeks used this word to denote the extensive parks and
pleasure-grounds of the Persian kings.
“An old word, `paradise,' which the Hebrews had borrowed from the
Persians, and which at first designated the `parks of the
Achaemenidae,' summed up the general dream.” —Renan: Life of Jesus, xi.
Upper and Lower Paradise.
The rabbins say there is an earthly or lower paradise under the
equator, divided into seven dwellings, and twelve times ten thousand
miles square. A column reaches from this paradise to the upper or
heavenly one, by which the souls mount upwards after a short sojourn on
the earthly one.
The ten dumb animals admitted to the Moslem's paradise are:
(1) The dog Kratim, which accompanied the Seven Sleepers.
(2) Balaam's ass, which spoke with the voice of a man to reprove the
(3) Solomon's ant, of which he said, “Go to the
ant, thou sluggard ...”
(4) Jonah's whale.
(5) The ram caught in the thicket, and offered in sacrifice in lieu
(6) The calf of Abraham.
(7) The camel of Saleb.
(8) The cuckoo of Belkis.
(9) The ox of Moses.
(10) Mahomet's mare, called Borak.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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