Palamedes of Lombardy
joined the squadron of adventurers with his two brothers,
Achilles and Sforza, in the allied Christian army. He was shot by
Clorinda with an arrow. (Tasso Jerusalem Delivered, book iii. c.
He is a Palamedes.
A clever, ingenious person. The allusion is to the son of Nauplios,
who invented measures, scales, dice, etc. He also detected that the
madness of Ulysses was only assumed.
A Saracen knight overcome in single combat by Sir Tristram. Both
loved Isolde, the wife of King Mark; and after the lady was given up by
the Saracen, Sir Tristram converted him to the Christian faith, and
stood his godfather at the font. (Thomas the Rhymer.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894