The youngest son of Sir Rowland de Boys. At a wrestling match
the banished duke's daughter, Rosalind, who took a lively interest in
Orlando, gave him a chain, saying, “Gentleman, wear this for me.” Orlando, flying because of his brother's hatred, met Rosalind in the
forest of Arden, disguised as a country lad, seeking to join her
father. In time they become acquainted with each other, and the duke
assented to their union. (Shakespeare: As You Like It.) (See Oliver.)
called Rotolando or Roland, and Rutlandus in the Latin chronicles
of the Middle Ages, the paladin, was lord of Anglant, knight of Brava,
son of Milo d'Anglesis and Bertha, sister of Charlemagne. Though
married to Aldabella, he fell in love with Angelica, daughter of the
infidel king of Cathay; but Angelica married Medoro, a Moor, with whom
she fled to India. When Orlando heard thereof he turned mad, or rather
his wits were taken from him for three months by way of punishment, and
deposited in the moon. Astolpho went to the moon in Elijah's chariot,
and St. John gave him an urn containing the lost wits of Orlando. On
reaching earth again, Astolpho first bound the madman, then holding the
urn to his nose, the errant wits returned, and Orlando, cured of his
madness and love, recovered from his temporary derangement. (Orlando
Furioso.) (See Angelica.)
Orlando or Roland was buried at Blayes, in the church of St.
Raymond; but his body was removed afterwards to Roncesvalles, in Spain.
or Roland's horn. An ivory horn called Olivant, mentioned
frequently by Boiardo and Ariosto.
“Per acto bello, Rolandus ascendit in montem, et rodiit retro ad viam
Runciavallis. Tunc insonnit tuba sua eburnea; et tantâ virtute
insonuit, quod flatu omnis ojus tuba per medium scissa, et venae colli
ejus et nervi rupti fuisse feruntur.”
Durindana, which once belonged to Hector.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894