| Share
 

Monumental Figures

No. 1. (1) Those in stone, with plain sloping roofs, and without inscriptions, are the oldest.

(2) In 1160 these plain prismatic roofs began to be ornamented.

(3) In the same century the sloping roofs gave place to armorial bearings.

(4) In the thirteenth century we see flat roofs, and figures carved on the lids.

(5) The next stage was an arch, built over the monument to protect it.

(6) The sixth stage was a chapel annexed to the church.

(7) The last stage was the head bound and feet tied, with children at the base, or cherubims at the feet.

Monumental Figures

No. 2.

Figures with their hands on their breasts, and chalices, represent priests. Figures with crozier, mitre, and pontificals, represent prelates.

Figures with armour represent knights.

Figures with legs crossed represent either crusaders or married men. Female figures with a mantle and large ring represent nuns.

Monumental Figures

No. 3.

Those in scale armour are the most ancient (time, Henry II.). Those in chain armour or ring-mail come next (time, Richard I. to Henry III.). Those with children or cherubims, between the fourteenth and seventeenth centuries. Brasses are for the most part subsequent to the thirteenth century.

Monumental Figures

No. 4.

Saints
lie to the east of the altar, and are elevated above the ground; the higher the elevation, the greater the sanctity. Martyrs are much elevated.

Holy men
not canonised lie on a level with the pavement. Founders of chapels, etc., lie with their monument built into the wall.

Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

More on Monumental Figures from Infoplease:

  • Monumental Figures - Monumental Figures No. 1. (1) Those in stone, with plain sloping roofs, and without inscriptions, ...
  • Leone Leoni - Leoni, Leone Leoni, Leone , 1509–90, Italian sculptor and medalist, called Leone Aretino. ...
  • Justus of Ghent - Justus of Ghent Justus of Ghent, fl. c.1460–c.1480, Flemish religious and portrait painter, ...
  • Orcagna - Orcagna Orcagna or Arcagnolo, c.1308–1368, Florentine painter, sculptor, and architect, whose ...
  • Dictionary of Phrase and Fable: M - Definitions, origins, and illustrative excerpts for words, phases, and literary allusions starting with "M"

Related Content

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring