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Mercator's Projection

is Mercator's chart or map for nautical purposes. The meridian lines are at right angles to the parallels of latitude. It is so called because it was devised by Gerhard Kauffmann, whose surname Latinised is Mercator (Merchant). (1512-1594.)

Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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