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Gautama

(g hard). The chief deity of Burmah, whose favourite offering is a paper umbrella.

The four sublime verities of Gautama
are as follows:

(1) Pain exists.

(2) The cause of pain is “birth sin.” The Buddhist supposes that man has passed through many previous existences, and all the heaped-up sins accumulated in these previous states constitute man's “birth sin.”

(3) Pain is ended only by Nirvana.

(4) The way that leads to Nirvana is—right faith, right judgment, right language, right purpose, right practice, right obedience, right memory, and right meditation (eight in all).

Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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