The month of purification amongst the ancient Romans. (Latin, februo, to purify by sacrifice.)
Si sol splendescat Mari'a Purificantë, Major erit glaciës post festum quam fuit ante.
If Candlemas Day be dry and fair, The half O' winter's come and mair; If Candlemas Day be wet and foul, The half O' winter was gane at Youl.
“The badger peeps out of his hole on Candlemas Day, and, if he finds snow, walks abroad; but if he sees the sun shining he draws back into his hole.” —German Proverb.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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