Founded by Xenophanes of Elea about B.C. 530. The Ionic school
believed there was but one element; the Eleatics said there were four
or six, as heat and cold, moisture and dryness, odd and even, from the
antagonisms of which visible objects sprang: Thus, Fire is heat
acting on dryness, Air is heat acting on moisture; Water
is cold acting on moisture; and Earth is cold acting on dryness.
The New Eleatic School
was founded by Leucippos of Elea, a disciple of Zeno. He wholly
discarded the phantasmagoric theory, and confined his attention to the
physical properties of the visible world. He was the father of the
Atomic System, in which the agency of chance was again
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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