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Deities

Air: Ariel, Elves (singular, Elf). Caves or Caverns: Hill-people (Hög-folk, hög = height). Corn: Ceres (2 syl.) (Greek, Demeter).

Domestic Life:
Vesta.

Eloquence:
Mercury (Greek, Hermes). Evening: Vesper.

Fates (The):
Three in number (Greek, Parcæ, Moiræ, 2 syl., Keres). Fire: Vulcan (Greek, Hephaistos, 3 syl.), Vesta, Mulciber. Fairies: (q.v.).

Furies:
Three in number (Greek, Eumenides, 4 syl., Erinnyes) Gardens: Priapus, Vertumnus with his wife Pomona. Graces (The): Three in number (Greek, Charites).

Hills:
Trolls. There are also Wood Trolls and Water Trolls. (See below Mountains.) Home Spirits (q.v.): Penates (3 syl.), Lares (2 syl.).

Hunting:
Diana (Greek, Artemis). Infernal Regions: Pluto, with his wife Proserpine, 3 syl. (Greek, Aides and Persephone). Justice: Themis, Astræa, Nemesis.

Love:
Cupid (Greek, Eros). Marriage: Hymen. Medicine: Æsculapius. Mines: Trolls.

Morning:
Aurora (Greek, Eos). Mountains: Oreads or Oreades (4 syl.), from the Greek, oros a mountain; Trolls. Ocean (The): Oceanides.

Poetry
and Music: Apollo, the nine Muses. Rainbow (The): Iris.

Riches:
Plutus. Shakespeare speaks of “Plutus' mine,” (Julius Caesar, iv. 3). Rivers and Streams: Fluviales, 4 syl. (Greek, Potameides, 5 syl.).

Sea (The):
Neptune (Greek, Poseidon, 3 syl.), his son Triton, Necks, Mermaids, Nereids (3 syl.). (See Sea.) Shepherds and their Flocks: Pan, the Satyrs.

Springs, Lakes, Brooks, etc.: Nereides or Naiads (2 syl.). Time: Saturn (Greek, Chronos).

War:
Mars (Greek, Ares), Bellona, Thor. Water-nymphs: Naiads (2 syl.), Undine (2 syl.). Winds (The): Æolus.

Wine:
Bacchus (Greek, Dionysos).

Wisdom:
Minerva (Greek, Pallas, Athene or Pallas-Athene). Woods: Dryads (A Hama-Dryad presides over some particular tree), Wood-Trolls. Youth: Hebe Of course this is not meant for a complete list of heathen and pagan deities. Such a list would require a volume.

Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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