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Crispin

A shoemaker. St. Crispin was a shoemaker, and was therefore chosen for the patron saint of the craft. It is said that two brothers, Crispin and Crispian, born in Rome, went to Soissons, in France (A.D. 303), to propagate the Christian religion, and maintained themselves wholly by making and mending shoes. Probably the tale is fabulous, for crepis is Greek for a shoe, Latin crepid-a, and St. Crepis or Crepid became Crepin and Crespin.

St. Crispin's Day.
October 25th, the day of the battle of Agincourt. Shakespeare makes Crispin Crispian one person, and not two brothers. Hence Henry V. says to his soldiers—

And Crispin Crispian shall ne'er go by ...
But we in it shall be remembered.

Shakespeare: Henry V., iv. 3.

St. Crispin's holiday.
Every Monday, with those who begin the working week on Tuesday; a no-work day with shoemakers. (See Crispin.)

St. Crispin's lance.
A shoemaker's awl. In French, “Lance de St. Crépin.” Crispin is the patron saint of shoemakers.

The French argot for a leather purse is une crépine.

Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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