Civil actions at law brought by one subject against another- not by the Crown against a subject. The Court of Common Pleas is for the trial of civil [not capital] offences. In 1875 this court was abolished, and in 1880 it was represented by the Common Pleas Division and merged in the King's [or Queen's] Bench Division.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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