The etymology of this word is generally assumed to be from the
Greek, Kuriou oikos (house of God); but this is most improbable,
as the word existed in all the Celtic dialects long before the
introduction of Greek. No doubt the word means “a circle.” The places
of worship among the German and Celtic nations were always circular.
(Welsh, cyrch, French, cirque; Scotch, kirk;
Greek, kirk-os, etc.) Compare Anglo-Saxon circe, a
church, with circol, a circle.
and Broad Church. Dr. South says, “The High Church are those
who think highly of the Church and lowly of themselves; the Low Church,
those who think lowly of the Church and highly of themselves”
(this may be epigrammatic, but the latter half is not true). Broad
Church are those who think the Church is broad enough for all religious
parties, and their own views of religion are chiefly of a moral nature,
their doctrinal views being so rounded and elastic that they can come
into collision with no one.
By the “High Church” now are meant those who follow the “Oxford
Movement”; the “Low Church” party call themselves the “Evangelical”
The Church of Latter-day Saints.
The Anglican Church.
That branch of the Protestant Church which, at the Reformation, was
adopted in England. It disavowed the authority of the Pope, and
rejected certain dogmas and rules of the Roman Church. Since 1532
generally called the “Established Church,” because established by Act
The Catholic Church.
The Western Church called itself so when it separated from the
Eastern Church. It is also called the Roman Catholic Church, to
distinguish it from the Anglican Church or Anglican Catholic Church, a
branch of the Western Church.
The Established Church.
The State Church, which, in England, is Episcopalian and in
Scotland Presbyterian. Before the Reformation it was, in both
countries, “Catholic;” before the introduction of Christianity it was
Pagan, and before that Druidism. In Turkey it is Mohammedanism; in
Russia the Greek Church; in China, India, etc., other systems of
To go into the Church.
To take holy orders, or become an “ordained” clergyman.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894