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Chapel

is the chest containing relics, or the shrine thereof (Latin, capella; French, chape, a cope). The kings of France in war carried St. Martin's cope into the field, and kept it in a tent as a talisman. The place in which the cope was kept was called the chapelle, and the keeper thereof the chapelain.

Chapel (A).
Either a place subsidiary to the parish church, or a place of worship not connected with the State, as a Methodist Chapel, a Baptist Chapel, etc.

Chapel

in printers' parlance, meant his workshop. In the early days of printing, presses were set up in the chapels attached to abbeys, as those of Caxton in Westminster Abbey. (See Monk, Friar , etc.)

Chapel.
The “caucus” of journeymen printers assembled to decide any point of common interest. The chairman is called the “father of the chapel.”

To hold a chapel.
To hold a printers' caucus.

Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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