The city Bridewell, Bridge Street, Blackfriars, was built over
a holy well of medical water, called St. Bride's Well, where was
founded a hospital for the poor. After the Reformation, Edward VI.
chartered this hospital to the city. Christ Church was given to the
education of the young; St. Thomas's Hospital to the cure of the sick;
and Bridewell was made a penitentiary for unruly apprentices and
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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