A). A fichu, piece of velvet for the neck, or small neck-tie, made at Barcelona, and common in England in the first quarter of the nineteenth century. Also a neckcloth of some bright colour, as red with yellow spots.
And on this handkerchief so starch and white She pinned a Barcelona black and tight.
Peter Pindar: Portfolio (Dinah).
“A double Barcelona protected his neck.” —Scott: Peveril of the Peak (Prefatory Letter.)
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894