The Talmudists say that Adam lived in Paradise only twelve hours, and account for the time thus:—
The first hour, God collected the dust and animated it. The second hour, Adam stood on his feet. The fourth hour, he named the animals. The sixth hour, he slept and Eve was created. The seventh hour, he married the woman. The tenth hour, he fell. The twelfth hour, he was thrust out of Paradise.
The Mohammedans tell us he fell on Mount Serendib, in Ceylon, where there is a curious impression in the granite resembling a human foot, above 5 feet long and 2.5; feet broad. They tell us it was made by Adam, who stood there on one foot for 200 years to expiate his crime; when Gabriel took him to Mount Arafath, where he found Eve. (See Adam's Peak.)
Adam was buried, according to Arabian tradition, on Aboucais, a mountain of Arabia.
The old Adam; beat the offending Adam out of thee; the first Adam.
The second Adam; the new Adam, etc.; I will give you the new Adam.
When Adam delved and Eve span
When Adam delved and Eve span Who was then the gentleman?
A faithful Adam
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894