Mozart's opera The Magic Flute premiered in Vienna, Austria.
Babe Ruth hit his 60th home run. The record stood until Roger Maris hit 61 in 1961. Mark McGwire beat Maris's record in 1998 by hitting 70 and Barry Bonds topped this in 2001 with 73.
Britain and France surrendered to Germany's demands concerning the Sudetenland, and signed the Munich Pact.
Twenty-two Nazi leaders were found guilty at the Nuremberg trials.
The Berlin Airlift came to an end.
Actor James Dean was killed in a car crash.
Botswana gained its independence from Great Britain.