The great fire of London broke out, destroying much of the city, including St. Paul's Cathedral.
The U.S. Treasury Department was established.
Vice President Theodore Roosevelt gave his "speak softly and carry a big stick" speech, regarding foreign policy, at the Minnesota State Fair.
Japan's formal surrender in World War II was celebrated as Victory over Japan (V-J) Day.
Alabama governor George Wallace prevented the racial integration of Tuskegee High School by encircling the building with state troopers.
North Vietnamese president Chi Minh died.