The Second Continental Congress changed the name of the nation to the United States of America, from the United Colonies.
California became the 31st state.
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) was created by the Radio Corporation of America.
The People's Democratic Republic of Korea (North Korea) was created.
Elvis Presley appeared on television for the first time on The Ed Sullivan Show.
Communist Chinese leader Mao Zedong died in Beijing at age 82.